The Indigenous peoples in Australia and Canada share a similar history marked by the dispossession of their lands and waters, the denial of their rights, systematic exclusion from the economy and from opportunities for wealth creation. This exclusion and marginalisation of Indigenous peoples from economic opportunities is an ongoing issue in both Australia and Canada.

On Thursday 16 November 2023 in Gatineau, south western Quebec, Canada a unique international agreement between key Indigenous-led organisations in Australia and Canada that prioritises Indigenous collaboration and diplomacy is seeking to address the entrenched economic exclusion and lack of opportunity of Indigenous peoples in the two countries.

A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is being signed between key Canadian First Nations financial institutions – the First Nations Financial Management Board and the First Nations Finance Authority – and key Australian Indigenous-led organisations – the Australian National University’s First Nations Portfolio, First Australians Capital, The Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation, and the National Native Title Council.

The agreement is a unique and historic move to encourage closer ties and collaboration between First Nations organisations, committed to advancing economic reconciliation in Australia and Canada.

Formalising an already strong relationship between the organisations developed over the past 18 months, the agreement commits the parties to working together on matters of shared concern, including collaborative research, the exchange of knowledge and ideas, as well as facilitating staff exchange and other reciprocal opportunities in both countries.

The MOU is a unique example of Indigenous-led international collaboration and diplomacy. Involving multiple key institutions in Australia and Canada, it will be an important platform for advancing collaboration to improve better economic opportunities for Indigenous peoples, and broader economic reconciliation in the two countries.

Acknowledging that the economic rights and interests of Indigenous peoples is a matter of global concern, the agreement enhances the importance of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as a critical consideration and important standard, in addressing matters related to opportunities and the well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada and Australia.

The agreement adds an outward looking, international, dimension to struggles in both countries of Indigenous peoples, to confront and address barriers to economic exclusion and participation.



Jamie Lowe – CEO, National Native Title Council

“The parties to the MOU work to support the economic self-determination of First Nations in Canada and Australia. This means creating strong First Nations industries with culturally appropriate investment opportunities and access to capital. We will work together to support First Nations leadership in strong agreement-making that results in equity and community owned projects and development.

Although we are culturally distinct and diverse, our Australian and Canadian brothers and sisters share a long history of cultural resistance and strength. We benefit from working together to create opportunities for our communities.”

Peter Yu – Vice President First Nations – Australian National University

“The MOU is an important milestone in the developing relationship between our respective First Nations peoples and agencies from Australia and Canada. It demonstrates the important shared historical experiences and common commitment to First Nations economic empowerment as fundamental to our self-determination.”

“As mandated by the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the MOU is significant to our shared responsibilities towards bringing greater government and corporate world responsibilities in developing and adopting global standards and measures, regarding the rights and interests of Indigenous people.”

Leah Armstrong – Chairperson – First Australians Capital

“First Australians Capital aims to create a new economy driven by First Australians. We are excited by the opportunity to grow global collaborations between First Nations authorities in Canda that this MOU aims to facilitate.

Our shared histories and pursuits on reconciliation and self-determination provide the foundations for advancing Indigenous economic rights and wealth creation.”

Joe Morrison – Group Chief Executive Officer – Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation 

“People and Country is at the heart of why the Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation was established. We work in partnership with First Nations peoples so they can achieve self-determination through the return of their Country.”

“We are stronger when we work collectively.  That is why the Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation is proud to have partnered with other likeminded organisations on our path to advance economic self-determination for Indigenous peoples.”



Ernie Daniels – President and CEO – First Nations Finance Authority

“First Nations Finance Authority (FNFA) is enthusiastic to be signing this historic Memorandum of Understanding with the Australian National University and our First Nation Financial Management Authority sister institutions. This MOU will allow us to start the conversation about how we can collaborate to advance Indigenous economic reconciliation in Australia and Canada.”

Harold Calla – Executive Chair – First Nations Financial Management Board:

“The MOU is an important next step in our expanding relationship with First Nations partners in Australia. Our connections have grown in recent years and this agreement reflects our shared awareness of the benefits greater collaboration will yield in business opportunities, economic development, and the preservation of cultural assets. We still have much to learn from each other.”

“Indigenous Peoples in Canada and Australia have similar histories in the hardships caused by colonialism. In recent years, we’ve strengthened our bilateral relationships and recognized the tremendous potential in sharing insights, experiences, and solutions. This MOU commits us to further our relationship in ways that will foster economic development and wealth creation for First Nation Peoples in both countries. – and our countries as a whole.”



° First Nations Financial Management Board – fnfmb.com/en

° The First Nations Finance Authority – www.fnfa.ca/en/

° The Australian National University as represented by the First Nations Portfolio –   services.anu.edu.au/business-units/first-nations-portfolio

° First Australians Capital – firstaustralianscapital.org/

° The Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation – www.ilsc.gov.au/

° The National Native Title Council – nntc.com.au/



WHERE: First Nations Leading the Way 6 Conference

Hilton Lac-Leamy Hotel

Gatineau, Canada

WHEN: 4.30pm Thursday 16 November 2023,

AEST: 8.30am Friday 17 November 2023



For all media enquires please contact

Sarah Easson, Head of Media Relations, National Native Title Council

E: sarah.easson@nntc.com.au or M: 0419 228 642

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